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2017 Statute



Prev Article 2. - GENERAL PROVISIONSNext


40-221a. Reinsurance of risks of and by Kansas companies. (a) Credit for reinsurance shall be allowed a domestic ceding insurer as either an asset or a reduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded only when the reinsurer meets the requirements of paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), (5) or (6). Credit shall be allowed under paragraphs (1), (2) or (3) of this subsection only as respects cessions of those kinds or classes of business that the assuming insurer is licensed or otherwise permitted to write or assume in its state of domicile or, in the case of a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer, in the state through which it is entered and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance. Credit shall be allowed only under paragraphs (3) or (4) of this subsection if the applicable requirements of paragraph (7) have been satisfied.

(1) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in this state.

(2) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is accredited by the commissioner as a reinsurer in this state. In order to be eligible for accreditation, an assuming insurer must:

(A) File with the commissioner evidence of the assuming insurer's submission to this state's jurisdiction;

(B) submit to this state's authority to examine the assuming insurer's books and records;

(C) be licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in at least one state, or in the case of a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer, be entered through and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in at least one state;

(D) file annually with the commissioner a copy of the assuming insurer's annual statement filed with the insurance department of the assuming insurer's state of domicile and a copy of the assuming insurer's most recent audited financial statement; and

(E) demonstrate to the satisfaction of the commissioner that it has adequate financial capacity to meet the assuming insurer's reinsurance obligations and is otherwise qualified to assume reinsurance from domestic insurers. An assuming insurer is deemed to meet this requirement as of the time of the assuming insurer's application if it maintains a surplus as regards policyholders in an amount not less than $20,000,000 and its accreditation has not been denied by the commissioner within 90 days after submission of its application.

(3) (A) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is domiciled in, or in the case of a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer is entered through, a state that employs standards regarding credit for reinsurance substantially similar to those applicable under this statute and the assuming insurer or United States branch of an alien assuming insurer:

(i) Maintains a surplus as regards policyholders in an amount not less than $20,000,000; and

(ii) submits to the authority of this state to examine the assuming insurer's books and records.

(B) The requirement of subsection (a)(3)(A)(i) does not apply to reinsurance ceded and assumed pursuant to pooling arrangements among insurers in the same holding company system.

(4) (A) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that maintains a trust fund in a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in subsection (c)(2), for the payment of the valid claims of the assuming insurer's United States ceding insurers, their assigns and successors in interest. To enable the commissioner to determine the sufficiency of the trust fund, the assuming insurer shall report annually to the commissioner information substantially the same as that required to be reported on the national association of insurance commissioners annual statement form by licensed insurers. The assuming insurer shall submit to examination of its books and records by the commissioner and bear the expense of examination;

(B) (i) credit for reinsurance shall not be granted under this subsection unless the form of the trust and any amendments to the trust have been approved by either of the following:

(a) The commissioner of the state where the trust is domiciled; or

(b) the commissioner of another state who, pursuant to the terms of the trust instrument, has accepted principal regulatory oversight of the trust.

(ii) The form of the trust and any trust amendments also shall be filed with the commissioner of every state in which the ceding insurer's beneficiaries of the trust are domiciled. The trust instrument shall provide that contested claims shall be valid and enforceable upon the final order of any court of competent jurisdiction in the United States. The trust shall vest legal title to the trust's assets in its trustees for the benefit of the assuming insurer's United States ceding insurers, their assigns and successors in interest. The trust and the assuming insurer shall be subject to examination as determined by the commissioner.

(iii) The trust shall remain in effect for as long as the assuming insurer has outstanding obligations due under the reinsurance agreements subject to the trust. No later than February 28 of each year, the trustee of the trust shall report to the commissioner in writing the balance of the trust and the listing of the trust's investments at the preceding year-end and shall certify the date of termination of the trust, if so planned, or certify that the trust will not expire prior to the following December 31.

(C) The following requirements apply to the following categories of the assuming insurer:

(i) The trust fund for a single assuming insurer shall consist of funds in trust in an amount not less than the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers, and, in addition, the assuming insurer shall maintain a trusteed surplus of not less than $20,000,000, except as provided in subsection (a)(4)(C)(ii).

(ii) At any time after the assuming insurer has permanently discontinued underwriting new business secured by the trust for at least three full years, the commissioner with principal regulatory oversight of the trust may authorize a reduction in the required trusteed surplus, but only after a finding, based on an assessment of the risk, that the new required surplus level is adequate for the protection of United States ceding insurers, policyholders and claimants in light of reasonably foreseeable adverse loss development. The risk assessment may involve an actuarial review, including an independent analysis of reserves and cash flows, and shall consider all material risk factors, including, when applicable, the lines of business involved, the stability of the incurred loss estimates and the effect of the surplus requirements on the assuming insurer's liquidity or solvency. The minimum required trusteed surplus shall not be reduced to an amount less than 30% of the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers covered by the trust;

(iii) (a) in the case of a group including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters, all of the following requirements are met:

(1) For reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception, amendment or renewal date on or after January 1, 1993, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the respective underwriters' several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any underwriter of the group;

(2) for reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception date on or before December 31, 1992, and not amended or renewed after that date, notwithstanding the other provisions of this act, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the respective underwriters' several insurance and reinsurance liabilities attributable to business written in the United States; and

(3) in addition to the trusts described in subsections (a)(4)(B)(iii)(a)(1) and (a)(4)(B)(iii)(a)(2), the group shall maintain in trust a trusteed surplus of which $100,000,000 shall be held jointly for the benefit of the United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group for all years of account.

(b) The incorporated members of the group shall not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the group and shall be subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the group's domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members of the group; and

(c) within 90 days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the group's domiciliary regulator, the group shall provide to the commissioner an annual certification by the group's domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member, or if a certification is unavailable, financial statements prepared by independent public accountants of each underwriter member of the group.

(iv) In the case of a group of incorporated underwriters under common administration, the group shall meet all of the following requirements:

(a) Have continuously transacted an insurance business outside the United States for at least three years immediately prior to making application for accreditation;

(b) maintain an aggregate policyholders' surplus of at least $10,000,000,000;

(c) maintain a trust fund in an amount not less than the group's several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any member of the group pursuant to reinsurance contracts issued in the name of the group;

(d) in addition, maintain a joint trusteed surplus of which $100,000,000 shall be held jointly for the benefit of United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group as additional security for these liabilities; and

(e) within 90 days after the group's financial statements are due to be filed with the group's domiciliary regulator, make available to the commissioner an annual certification of each underwriter member's solvency by the member's domiciliary regulator and financial statements of each underwriter member of the group prepared by its independent public accountant.

(5) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that has been certified by the commissioner as a reinsurer in this state and the reinsurer secures its obligations in accordance with the following requirements:

(A) In order to be eligible for certification, the assuming insurer shall meet all of the following requirements:

(i) Be domiciled and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in a qualified jurisdiction, as determined by the commissioner pursuant to subsection (a)(5)(C);

(ii) maintain minimum capital and surplus, or its equivalent, in an amount to be determined by the commissioner pursuant to regulation;

(iii) maintain financial strength ratings from two or more rating agencies deemed acceptable by the commissioner pursuant to regulation;

(iv) agree to submit to the jurisdiction of this state, appoint the commissioner as the assuming insurer's agent for service of process in this state, and agree to provide security for 100% of the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers if the assuming insurer resists enforcement of a final United States judgment;

(v) agree to meet applicable information filing requirements as determined by the commissioner, both with respect to an initial application for certification and on an ongoing basis; and

(vi) satisfy any other requirements for certification deemed relevant by the commissioner.

(B) An association including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters may be a certified reinsurer. In order to be eligible for certification, in addition to satisfying the requirements of subsection (a)(5)(A) and all of the following requirements:

(i) The association shall satisfy its minimum capital and surplus requirements through the capital and surplus equivalents, net of liabilities, of the association and its members, which shall include a joint central fund that may be applied to any unsatisfied obligation of the association or any of its members, in an amount determined by the commissioner to provide adequate protection;

(ii) the incorporated members of the association shall not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the association and shall be subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the association's domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members of the association; and

(iii) within 90 days after the association's financial statements are due to be filed with the association's domiciliary regulator, the association shall provide to the commissioner an annual certification by the association's domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member. If a certification is unavailable, financial statements prepared by independent public accountants of each underwriter member of the association shall be provided instead.

(C) The commissioner shall create and publish a list of qualified jurisdictions under which an assuming insurer licensed and domiciled in such jurisdiction is eligible to be considered for certification by the commissioner as a certified reinsurer.

(i) In order to determine whether the domiciliary jurisdiction of a non-United States assuming insurer is eligible to be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction, the commissioner shall evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of the reinsurance supervisory system of the jurisdiction, both initially and on an ongoing basis, and consider the rights, benefits and the extent of reciprocal recognition afforded by the non-United States jurisdiction to reinsurers licensed and domiciled in the United States. In order to be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction, a jurisdiction must agree to share information and cooperate with the commissioner with respect to all certified reinsurers domiciled within that jurisdiction. A jurisdiction shall not be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction if the commissioner has determined that the jurisdiction does not adequately and promptly enforce final United States judgments and arbitration awards. Additional factors may be considered in the discretion of the commissioner.

(ii) A list of qualified jurisdictions shall be published through the national association of insurance commissioners' process. The commissioner shall consider this list in determining qualified jurisdictions. If the commissioner recognizes a jurisdiction as qualified that does not appear on the list of qualified jurisdictions, the commissioner shall provide thoroughly documented justification in accordance with criteria to be developed under rules and regulations.

(iii) United States jurisdictions that meet the requirement for accreditation under the national association of insurance commissioners' financial standards and accreditation program shall be recognized as qualified jurisdictions.

(iv) If a certified reinsurer's domiciliary jurisdiction ceases to be a qualified jurisdiction, the commissioner has the discretion to suspend the reinsurer's certification indefinitely, in lieu of revocation.

(D) The commissioner shall assign a rating to each certified reinsurer, giving due consideration to the financial strength ratings that have been assigned by rating agencies deemed acceptable to the commissioner pursuant to rules and regulations. The commissioner shall publish a list of all certified reinsurers and their ratings.

(E) A certified reinsurer shall secure obligations assumed from United States ceding insurers under this subsection at a level consistent with the certified reinsurer's rating, as specified in rules and regulations promulgated by the commissioner.

(i) In order for a domestic ceding insurer to qualify for full financial statement credit for reinsurance ceded to a certified reinsurer, the certified reinsurer shall maintain security in a form acceptable to the commissioner and consistent with the provisions of subsection (b), or in a multi-beneficiary trust in accordance with subsection (a)(4), except as otherwise provided in this subsection.

(ii) If a certified reinsurer maintains a trust to fully secure its obligations subject to subsection (a)(4), and chooses to secure its obligations incurred as a certified reinsurer in the form of a multi-beneficiary trust, the certified reinsurer shall maintain separate trust accounts for its obligations incurred under reinsurance agreements issued or renewed as a certified reinsurer with reduced security as permitted by this subsection or comparable laws of other United States jurisdictions and for its obligations subject to subsection (a)(4). It shall be a condition to the grant of certification under subsection (a)(5) that the certified reinsurer shall have bound itself, by the language of the trust and agreement with the commissioner who has principal regulatory oversight of each such trust account, to fund, upon termination of any such trust account, any deficiency of any other such trust account out of the remaining surplus of the terminated trust account.

(iii) The minimum trusteed surplus requirements provided in subsection (a)(4) are not applicable with respect to a multi-beneficiary trust maintained by a certified reinsurer for the purpose of securing obligations incurred under this subsection, except that such trust shall maintain a minimum trusteed surplus of $10,000,000.

(iv) With respect to obligations incurred by a certified reinsurer under this subsection, if the security is insufficient, the commissioner shall reduce the allowable credit by an amount proportionate to the deficiency, and the commissioner has the discretion to impose further reductions in allowable credit upon finding there is a material risk that the certified reinsurer's obligations will not be paid in full when due.

(v) For purposes of this subsection, a certified reinsurer whose certification has been terminated for any reason shall be treated as a certified reinsurer required to secure 100% of its obligations.

(a) As used in this paragraph, the term "terminated" includes revocation, suspension, voluntary surrender and inactive status.

(b) If the commissioner continues to assign a higher rating as permitted by other provisions of this subsection, this requirement does not apply to a certified reinsurer in inactive status or to a reinsurer whose certification has been suspended.

(F) If an assuming insurer applying for certification as a reinsurer in this state has been certified as a reinsurer in an another jurisdiction accredited by the national association of insurance commissioners, the commissioner has the discretion to defer to that jurisdiction's certification, and has the discretion to defer to the rating assigned by that jurisdiction, and such assuming insurer shall be considered to be a certified reinsurer in this state.

(G) A certified reinsurer that ceases to assume new business in this state may request to maintain the reinsurer's certification in inactive status in order to continue to qualify for a reduction in amount of security required for the reinsurer's in force business. An inactive certified reinsurer shall continue to comply with all applicable requirements of this subsection, and the commissioner shall assign a rating that takes into account, if relevant, the reasons why the reinsurer is not assuming new business.

(6) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that does not meet the requirements of subsections (a)(1) through (a)(5), but only as to the insurance of risks located in jurisdictions where the reinsurance is required by applicable law or regulation of that jurisdiction.

(7) If the assuming insurer is not licensed, accredited or certified to transact insurance or reinsurance in this state, the credit permitted by subsections (a)(3) and (a)(4) of this section shall not be allowed, unless the assuming insurer agrees in the reinsurance agreement to do all of the following:

(A) (i) In the event of the failure of the assuming insurer to perform its obligations under the terms of the reinsurance agreement, the assuming insurer, at the request of the ceding insurer, will: Submit to the jurisdiction of any court of competent jurisdiction in any state of the United States; comply with all requirements necessary to give the court jurisdiction; and abide by the final decision of the court or of any appellate court in the event of an appeal; and

(ii) the assuming insurer will designate the commissioner or a designated attorney as its true and lawful attorney to receive lawful process in any action, suit or proceeding instituted by or on behalf of the ceding insurer.

(B) This subsection is not intended to conflict with or override the obligation of the parties to a reinsurance agreement to arbitrate their disputes, if the obligation is created in the agreement.

(8) If the assuming insurer does not meet the requirements of subsection (a)(1), (a)(2) or (a)(3), the credit permitted by subsection (a)(4) or (a)(5) shall not be allowed unless the assuming insurer agrees in a trust agreement to the following conditions:

(A) Notwithstanding any other provisions in the trust instrument, if the trust fund is inadequate because the trust fund contains an amount less than the amount required by subsection (a)(4)(C), or if the grantor of the trust has been declared insolvent or has been placed into receivership, rehabilitation, liquidation or similar proceedings under the laws of the trust's state or country of domicile, the trustee shall comply with an order of the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust or with an order of a court of competent jurisdiction directing the trustee to transfer all of the assets of the trust fund to the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust.

(B) The assets shall be distributed and claims shall be filed with and valued by the commissioner with regulatory oversight in accordance with the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic insurance companies.

(C) If the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust determines that the assets of the trust fund or any part of the trust fund are not necessary to satisfy the claims of the United States ceding insurers of the grantor of the trust, the assets of the trust or part of those assets shall be returned by the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust to the trustee for distribution in accordance with the trust agreement.

(D) The grantor shall waive any right otherwise available to it under United States law that is inconsistent with the provisions of this subsection.

(9) Credit for reinsurance ceded to a certified reinsurer is limited to reinsurance contracts entered or renewed on or after the effective date of the certification of the assuming insurer by the commissioner.

(10) If an accredited or certified reinsurer ceases to meet the requirements of this section for accreditation or certification, the commissioner may suspend or revoke the reinsurer's accreditation or certification.

(A) The commissioner shall give the reinsurer notice and opportunity for a hearing prior to such suspension or revocation. The suspension or revocation shall not take effect until after the commissioner's order on hearing, unless one of the following applies:

(i) The reinsurer waives its right to a hearing;

(ii) the commissioner's order is based on regulatory action by the reinsurer's domiciliary jurisdiction or by the voluntary surrender or termination of the reinsurer's eligibility to transact insurance or reinsurance business in its domiciliary jurisdiction or in the primary certifying state of the reinsurer under subsection (a)(5)(F); or

(iii) the commissioner finds that an emergency requires immediate action and a court of competent jurisdiction has not stayed the commissioner's action.

(B) While a reinsurer's accreditation or certification is suspended, a reinsurance contract issued or renewed after the effective date of the suspension does not qualify for credit, except to the extent that the reinsurer's obligations under the reinsurance contract are secured in accordance with subsection (b). If a reinsurer's accreditation or certification is revoked, credit for reinsurance shall not be granted after the effective date of the revocation, except to the extent that the reinsurer's obligations under the contract are secured in accordance with subsection (a)(5)(A) or (a)(5)(B).

(11) (A) A domestic ceding insurer shall take steps to manage its reinsurance recoverables proportionate to its own book of business. A domestic ceding insurer shall notify the commissioner within 30 days after reinsurance recoverables from any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, exceeds 50% of the domestic ceding insurer's last reported surplus to policyholders, or after it is determined that reinsurance recoverables from any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, is likely to exceed this limit. The notification shall demonstrate that the exposure is safely managed by the domestic ceding insurer.

(B) A domestic ceding insurer shall take steps to diversify its reinsurance program. A domestic ceding insurer shall notify the commissioner within 30 days after ceding to any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, more than 20% of the ceding insurer's gross written premium in the prior calendar year, or after the domestic ceding insurer has determined that the reinsurance ceded to any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, is likely to exceed this limit. The notification shall demonstrate that the exposure is safely managed by the domestic ceding insurer.

(b) An asset or a reduction from liability for the reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of subsection (a) shall be allowed in an amount not exceeding the liabilities carried by the ceding insurer. The reduction shall be in the amount of funds held by or on behalf of the ceding insurer, including funds held in trust for the ceding insurer, under a reinsurance contract with the assuming insurer as security for the payment of obligations under the contract, if the security is held in the United States subject to withdrawal solely by, and under the exclusive control of, the ceding insurer; or, in the case of a trust, held in a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in subsection (c)(2). The security may be in the form of any of the following:

(1) Cash;

(2) a security listed by the securities valuation office of the national association of insurance commissioners, including those securities deemed exempt from filing as defined by the purposes and procedures manual of the national association of insurance commissioners investment analysis office, and qualifying as admitted assets;

(3) (A) clean, irrevocable, unconditional letters of credit, issued or confirmed by a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in subsection (c)(1), effective no later than December 31 of the year for which the filing is being made, and in the possession of, or in trust for, the ceding insurer on or before the filing date of the ceding insurer's annual statement; or

(B) a letter of credit meeting applicable standards of issuer acceptability as of the date of the letter of credit's issuance, or confirmation, shall, notwithstanding the issuing or confirming, institution's subsequent failure to meet applicable standards of issuer acceptability, continue to be acceptable as security until their expiration, extension, renewal, modification or amendment, whichever first occurs; or

(4) any other form of security acceptable to the commissioner.

(c) (1) For purposes of subsection (b)(3), a "qualified United States financial institution" means an institution that meets all of the following requirements:

(A) Is organized or, in the case of a United States office of a foreign banking organization, licensed under the laws of the United States or any state thereof;

(B) is regulated, supervised and examined by United States federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies; and

(C) has been determined by either the commissioner or the securities valuation office of the national association of insurance commissioners to meet the standards of financial condition and standing as are considered necessary and appropriate to regulate the quality of financial institutions whose letters of credit will be acceptable to the commissioner.

(2) For purposes of those provisions of this law specifying those institutions that are eligible to act as a fiduciary of a trust, a "qualified United States financial institution" means an institution that meets all of the following requirements:

(i) Is organized, or in the case of a United States branch or agency office of a foreign banking organization, is licensed under the laws of the United States or any state of the United States and has been granted authority to operate with fiduciary powers; and

(ii) is regulated, supervised and examined by federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies.

(d) The commissioner is hereby authorized to adopt any rules and regulations necessary to implement the provisions of this law. Such rules and regulations shall be adopted no later than January 1, 2019.

(e) This section shall apply to all cessions under reinsurance contracts that occur on or after January 1, 2018.

History: L. 1965, ch. 296, § 2; L. 1967, ch. 249, § 1; L. 1970, ch. 175, § 1; L. 1974, ch. 185, § 1; L. 1985, ch. 157, § 1; L. 1995, ch. 155, § 1; L. 1996, ch. 78, § 1; L. 1998, ch. 174, § 29; L. 1999, ch. 66, § 1; L. 2002, ch. 20, § 1; L. 2017, ch. 72, § 4; Jan. 1, 2018.



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2018. Powered by KLISS. Rendered: 2018-08-08T14:34:15. Head Rev No: 551955(E)