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2012 Statute


60-210.Form of pleadings. (a) Caption; names of parties. Every pleading must have a caption with the court's name, a title, a file number and a designation as in subsection (a) of K.S.A. 60-207, and amendments thereto. The title of the petition must name all the parties; the title of other pleadings, after naming the first party on each side, may refer generally to other parties.

(b) Paragraphs; separate statements. A party must state its claims or defenses in numbered paragraphs, each limited as far as practicable to a single set of circumstances.  A later pleading may refer by number to a paragraph in an earlier pleading. If doing so would promote clarity, each claim founded on a separate transaction or occurrence, and each defense other than a denial, must be stated in a separate count or defense.

(c) Adoption by reference; exhibits. A statement in a pleading may be adopted by reference elsewhere in the same pleading or in any other pleading or motion. A copy of a written instrument that is an exhibit to a pleading is a part of the pleading for all purposes.

(d) Change of name. If the name of a party changes after an action has been commenced, either before or after judgment, by reason of marriage, divorce, adoption, a change of name proceeding, amendment of articles of incorporation, the assumption of an alias or otherwise, or if an action is mistakenly commenced against a party by a former name no longer used by the party, any party in interest may cause that fact to be noted of record by filing a certified copy of a marriage record, decree of divorce, amended articles of incorporation, order of adoption or change of name, or an affidavit or a declaration pursuant to K.S.A. 53-601, and amendments thereto, by an informed person. The name as changed must be used in the alternative in all subsequent proceedings in the action.

History: L. 1963, ch. 303, 60-210; amended by Supreme Court Rule No. 125; effective Jan. 1, 1969; L. 2010, ch. 135, § 77; July 1.